Degrees and Programs Offered
The College of Education offers undergraduate programs leading to the bachelor of science degree in education. The College offers the following teacher education programs [NOTE: P refers to "pre-school" (any level prior to kindergarten) and K to "kindergarten"]:
- Elementary education (K-6) with dual certification in early childhood (P-3)
- Music education (P-12), with concentrations in instrumental or choral music
- Physical education (P-12)
- Secondary education (6-12), with majors in English language arts (comprehensive), mathematics (comprehensive), science (comprehensive), social science (comprehensive), and the following foreign languages (6-12 or P-12): French, German, Latin or Spanish
- Special education, with K-6 and 6-12 concentrations in collaborative education; early childhood special education (P-3) with dual certification in early childhood (P-3); and multiple abilities program with certification in four areas: elementary (K-6), collaborative (K-6), early childhood (P-3), and early childhood special education (P-3).
A concentration leading to the bachelor's degree is also offered in exercise and sport science, but this concentration does not lead to teacher certification.
A student enrolled in the Graduate School may be admitted to one of the College of Education's alternative (nontraditional, fifth-year) certification programs in order to complete a master's degree and obtain initial licensure (Class A) in a broad range of teaching fields.
General Degree Requirements
The College of Education offers undergraduate programs leading to the bachelor of science in education or the bachelor of science degree. These programs require the completion of a minimum of 120 semester hours in prescribed courses, as set forth in this catalog (most programs require the completion of more than 120 hours). Graduates will also have met the prescribed minimum standards of scholarship.
A minimum of 32 semester hours, including nine of the last 18 hours required for a degree, must be earned in residence at The University of Alabama as an enrolled student in the College of Education.
If a student does not complete requirements for the undergraduate degree within a period of seven years from the date of admission, the College of Education will modify the student's program to bring it into compliance with current degree and certification requirements. In addition, a student in a teacher education program must complete that program's requirements within four years from the date of formal admission to the program, or he or she must reapply for admission.
Upon re-entering, any student with a break in his or her enrollment at The University of Alabama (fall or spring semesters) will be placed in the program required of newly admitted students. Exceptions may be made by personnel in the Office of Student Services and Certification.
Because of the number of educational options available to students in the College, sample programs of study for the various education majors cannot be provided here. Instead, detailed program outlines are available from academic advisers in the various program offices. In general, students take 100-level courses during the first year of college, 200-level courses during the second year and 300- and 400-level courses during the third and fourth years.
Each undergraduate program contains a group of courses classified as general studies. These courses must be taken in the proper prescribed sequence during the freshman and sophomore years, until they are completed. Required studies in English are part of the general studies requirement; a student must enroll each semester in the prescribed composition and literature courses until the English requirement is completed.
Upper and Lower Divisions
Students enrolling in a teacher education program (a program leading to Alabama Class B certification) enter the upper division of the College of Education at the time of their admission to a Teacher Education Program (TEP).
Retention in the College of Education
To continue to be eligible for enrollment in the upper division of the College of Education, a student must successfully complete any remaining courses in the teaching field(s) or major, and, for certification programs, the professional education courses, including successful clinical placements. The GPA in the teaching field — and, if transfer work, the overall GPA — must remain at least 2.75. In professional education courses, the GPA must be at least 2.75, with no grade lower than C. For students in non-certification programs, required minimum GPAs vary from program to program. All students should be aware of and monitor their GPAs and should project when they will be able to enroll in required courses. All students are expected to become familiar with the regulations discussed in Academic Records and General Academic Policies section of this catalog.
Individuals who apply to the Alabama Department of Education for initial Alabama professional educator certificates or alternative certificates must meet the requirements of the Alabama Educator Certification Assessment Program (AECAP) as a precondition for certification. The AECAP consists of basic skills assessments, subject assessments, Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT), and additional performance assessments adopted by the Alabama Department of Education.
The basic skills assessments consist of the applied mathematics, reading for information, and writing assessments. Passing scores in all three areas are required of candidates prior to admission to a teacher education program. Information about the Basic Skills is available at https://actapps.act.org/wkala/wkala.
Additional assessments required in the AECAP consist of selected tests from the Praxis Series. Each candidate must obtain passing scores on the appropriate subject assessment(s), as well as Principles of Learning & Teaching (PLT), prior to internship. Information regarding test dates, test codes and testing sites may be obtained from the Praxis website: http://www.ets.org/praxis/al?WT.ac=praxishome_states_121126. Information is also available through the College of Education's Office of Student Services in 104 Carmichael Hall.
Each student in a certification program must also show proof of mastery of all Alabama Core Teaching Standards, Professional Standards and Content Standards prior to program completion. In addition, College Dispositions, student portfolio, and other required assessments will be evaluated throughout. An Individualized Standards Assessment Report (ISAR) for each student will be reviewed and evaluated at various checkpoints to ensure mastery of standards. Upon program completion, the final ISAR will be evaluated prior to graduation and recommendation for certification.
The majority of upper-division education courses require clinical placements in the schools. At a minimum, each student shall have participated in 150 clock hours prior to the internship. Ninety of these 150 hours shall be in increments of at least 3 hours each. The majority of field experiences must occur in P-12 schools.
All clinical placements in the College of Education are coordinated through the Office of Clinical Experiences. These placements are in the greater Tuscaloosa area in order to facilitate supervision of students. If an appropriate placement cannot be secured in the Tuscaloosa area, recommendations will be made for an alternate placement by the department head.
Students enrolled in College of Education courses that require a clinical placement are required to provide proof of professional liability insurance before being allowed to participate in a clinical placement. Professional liability insurance may be purchased through an independent insurer or is available to students who are members of the Student Alabama Education Association (SAEA), the Council for Exceptional Children (SCEC) or Collegiate Music Educators National Conference (CMENC). Further information and membership applications may be obtained from the Office of Clinical Experiences.
Required General Studies
These required general studies courses include most University of Alabama Core Curriculum requirements; however, the core curriculum writing requirement (the W courses) is not satisfied by these hours of general studies courses.
NOTE: Courses listed below reflect general options, but not all teaching fields are enhanced by every option, and some require additional coursework. Additional courses approved by the state of Alabama Articulation and General Studies Committee could be appropriate under the terms of the Statewide Articulation Reporting System (STARS). To avoid taking extra courses, each student should select, whenever possible, general studies courses that may be utilized in his or her teaching field or major. Please refer to notes below and to the specific teaching field(s) for more precise requirements.
I. Written Composition Requirement
& EN 102 or
and English Composition
|EN 103||Advanced English Composition|
II. Humanities and Fine Arts Requirements
|One of the following Literature courses: 1||3|
|English Literature I|
|English Literature II|
|World Literature I|
|World Literature II|
|American Literature II|
|Honors English Literature I|
|Honors English Literature II|
|Honors American Literature|
|Honors American Literature II|
|One of the following Public Speaking courses: 2||3|
|Oral Interpretn Literatr|
|One of the following Fine Arts courses:||3|
|Intro To Visual Arts|
|Survey Of Art I|
|Survey Of Art II|
|Survey Of Art III|
|Intro To Listening|
|Music In World Cultures|
|Motion Pict Hy Criticism|
|Intro To The Theatre|
|Honors Fine Arts|
|Additional Course from Area II, if needed||3|
Students should select courses from areas II and IV so that at least one 6-semester-hour sequence of either literature (e.g., English, American or world) or history is presented.
A music education major may satisfy this requirement by earning a passing score on the Speech Proficiency Examination; however, appropriate hours in Area II must be met.
III-A. Natural Sciences Requirement
|Select 8 hours of the following:||8|
|Aerospace Science For Educators|
|Intro To Astronomy|
and Intro Astronomy Lab
|Intro Biology Non Maj I|
|Intro Biology Non Maj II|
|Principles Of Biology I|
and Laboratory Biology I
|Principles Biology II|
and Biology II Laboratory
|The Dynamic Earth|
|The Earth Through Time|
GY 101 or
|Atmospheric Proc & Patterns|
|Earth Surface Processes|
|General Physics I|
|Descriptive Physics for Non-Science Majors|
Students in elementary education, the Multiple Abilities Program and special education must complete four additional semester hours from N courses. It is suggested that students in elementary education choose AEM 120 Aerospace Science For Educators or another adviser-approved, interdisciplinary science course.
III-B. Mathematics Requirement
|Select one of the following:||3|
|Precalc Algebra & Trig|
|Calculus & Applications|
Students in elementary education (K-6), the Multiple Abilities Program (K-6) and special education are required to complete additional work in mathematics. See notes under these teaching fields. Students preparing to teach general science, biology, chemistry and physics need to meet specific MATH requirements. See notes under the various teaching fields.
IV. History and Social and Behavioral Sciences Requirement
|Select at least one HY course: 1||3|
|Western Civ To 1648|
|Western Civ Since 1648|
|History of American Civilization to 1865|
|America Civilization Since 1865|
|Intro To Psychology|
|Life Span Human Development|
|Intro To Anthropology|
|Intro Cultural Anthropology|
|Discoveries In Archaeology|
|Principles of Microeconomics|
|Principles of Macroeconomics|
|World Regional Geography|
|People, Places, and Environment|
|Intro American Politics|
|Intro To Sociology|
|Analysis Social Problems|
Students should select courses from areas II and IV so that at least one 6-semester-hour sequence of either literature or history (e.g., Western Civ., American) is completed.
V. General Pre-professional, Major and Elective Course
Courses are appropriate to the degree requirements and major of the individual student. Secondary and P-12 majors (except special education) should select courses appropriate to their majors. Additional, specific courses may be required for the various majors. Students should consult an adviser for requirements in a major.
EDU 200 Orient to Teacher Education is required for all students in education seeking teacher certification.
Educational Psychology Prerequisite Requirement
Foreign Language/Computer Language Requirement
Choose one of the following options:
- Option 1: Satisfy the foreign language core requirement (FL) of 3-8 hours.
- Option 2: Satisfy the computer science core requirement (C) of 6 hours.
NOTES: Secondary English Language Arts majors must complete the foreign language requirement (Option 1). Option 2 is not part of area V of the articulation agreement. Students should consult an adviser for requirements in a major.
In some majors, additional courses may need to be taken to complete a total of 120 hours or to fulfill prerequisites for the required courses above (variable hours).
College of Education students are expected to register for appropriate courses necessary to make reasonable progress toward completing program requirements by the expected date of graduation. Students must familiarize themselves with the requirements contained in this catalog and are expected to make full use of DegreeWorks throughout their programs.
Local Mailing and Email Addresses
Students are expected to maintain mailing addresses and monitor their Crimson e-mail addresses at which communications from the College of Education will, with reasonable certainty, reach them. The University of Alabama utilizes myBama as the official means of recording address information. It is the student’s responsibility to update addresses as needed through the Self-Service component of myBama.
All students have a Crimson e-mail account created for them when they first enter The University. This is considered the official University of Alabama e-mail address for each student, and it will be used by University departments to disseminate information. This means all communication from The University concerning registration, financial aid, events, notifications, etc., will be sent to the Crimson e-mail exclusively. Students are responsible for checking their Crimson e-mail accounts on a regular basis.
Class Hour Load
The normal class hour load for College of Education students is 15–17 hours per semester. Seniors who need 18 hours during the final semester to complete degree requirements may register for those hours without special permission. In all other cases, each student must have at least a B average to receive permission from the College’s Office of Student Services to register for more than 18 hours. The maximum class hour load with a B average permit is 21 hours. During the summer/Interim session, the maximum load without a B average permit is 17 hours (seven hours per term/three hours during Interim). A student with a B average permit may carry a maximum of 18 hours (nine hours during one summer term, six hours during the other summer term and three hours during Interim term).
Students are expected to pursue successful completion of all courses for which they are registered, including regular class attendance. The dean may withdraw a student from courses and/or may assign failing grades at any time during a semester when excessive absences have accumulated or when the student is disenrolled from a course.
The College of Education observes the general University policies governing academic bankruptcy and also maintains a committee to review all petitions for academic bankruptcy. The petitioning process begins in the College’s Office of Student Services and Certification.
With approval from the dean, an education student may audit one course. No tests or final examinations may be taken when a course is audited. An audited course is counted as if it were a credit course in the determination of the class hour load. Normally, an audited course may not be repeated for credit.
A course that substantially duplicates the content of a course for which credit has already been earned may not count toward degree requirements.
Repeating Courses for Higher Grades
With written permission from the dean, education students may repeat certain courses in which a grade of D was received. The dean’s written permission must be filed with the registrar of the College of Education. When the cumulative grade point average is computed, each enrollment in the course will count as hours attempted. However, only the most recent enrollment may count toward degree requirements.
Transfer Between Divisions
Before transferring into the College of Education from another division of The University of Alabama, a student must attend an orientation session sponsored by the College of Education Office of Student Services and Certification.
Professional education courses transferred from other institutions may not be used to meet requirements in a state-approved program of study within the College of Education.
Second Bachelor’s Degree
If a student wishes to earn a second bachelor’s degree in the College of Education, a minimum of 32 semester hours of additional credit must be earned in residence in the College of Education. These 32 hours must be over and above all credit earned for the previous degree. All quantitative and qualitative requirements for the second degree program must be met in full, according to standards in effect on the date of enrollment in the second program. Students seeking a second bachelor's degree must have a transcript evaluation from the Office of Student Services in 104 Carmichael Hall.
Professional Licensure (Certification)
The curricula offered by the College of Education are designed to prepare teachers and school administrative and supervisory officials for the appropriate certificates. Students graduating with a bachelor of science degree in education who have successfully completed a certification program are eligible to apply for the Alabama Class B professional certificate. Certification programs are available for the Alabama Class A and Class AA professional certificates for college and university graduates who are holders of bachelor's and higher degrees. The College of Education, in accordance with the regulations of the Alabama State Board of Education, also provides courses for persons who hold expired certificates and wish to reinstate them.
Students planning to teach outside the state of Alabama are held personally responsible for knowledge of professional licensure requirements in those states.
Application for Certification
All students must complete the proper application form for Alabama certification. Forms are available online through the Alabama Department of Education. Applications should be submitted to Student Services in 104 Carmichael Hall at least one semester in advance of graduation. A student who does not apply for professional licensure within 60 months after completing the state-approved program will be required to meet the current program. Students who plan to teach in other states must secure the proper professional licensure application forms from those states' departments of education after applying for Alabama certification. The associate dean for student services in the College of Education has been designated the teacher certification officer for the University. Students who need information about or assistance with certification should consult the associate dean for student services.
According to regulations mandated by the Alabama State Board of Education, the College of Education ensures that "a candidate's competency to begin his or her professional role in schools is assessed prior to completion of the program and/or recommendation for certification" and establishes, publishes and implements "policies to guarantee the success of individuals who complete its approved programs and are employed in their area(s) of specialization." The College of Education provides "remediation at no cost to such individuals who are recommended . . . and are deemed to be unsatisfactory based on performance evaluations established by the State Board of Education and within two years after program completion."
Admission to a Teacher Education Program (TEP)
Students must be formally admitted to a TEP. Applications are available through the Office of Student Services located at 104 Carmichael Hall. Students who meet the following criteria may apply for admission to the teacher certification program in their area of study. However, meeting the minimum criteria does not guarantee admission to TEP.
- Alabama Educator Certification Assessment Program (AECAP). The Basic Skills Assessments of the AECAP must be taken prior to the pre-professional course. Students must have a passing score for all three sections of the test (reading, writing and mathematics). Information about the Basic Skills Assessments is available at actapps.act.org/wkala/wkala or from Student Services in 104 Carmichael Hall.
- A minimum grade point average of 2.75 must be met and maintained for admission. Transfer students must have the required GPA on all coursework taken at this institution as well as overall coursework (UA and transfer work). The GPA in the teaching field must remain at least 2.75. In professional studies courses, the GPA must be at least 2.75 with no grade lower than C.
- EN 101 English Composition and EN 102 English Composition or EN 103 Advanced English Composition with credit for EN 101 English Composition; Students must have a grade of a C or higher in the coursework.
- BEP 305 Educational Psychology or BEF 360 Social Psychol Foundtns Educ or BEP 360 Social Psychol Foundtns Educ; Students must have a grade of a C or higher in the coursework.
- Students must have a grade of a C or higher in an approved public-speaking course.
- Students must successfully complete at least 60 semester hours, including at least 41 hours of general studies. Students must not have exceeded 120 semester hours.
- Students must successfully complete the pre-professional lab experience in their field of study with a grade of at least a C. Students should check with an academic adviser for the specific departmental course with the lab experience.
- The Alabama State Department of Education and the College of Education require all students to be fingerprinted and receive background clearance prior to admission to TEP. Fingerprinting will be required during the semester of the pre-professional course, and background clearance must be obtained prior to clinical placements in the schools.
- Students must fulfill their departmental writing requirements.
- Each candidate for admission must successfully complete an interview with at least two faculty members. Speaking skills and knowledge and abilities based on previous coursework will be among the attributes assessed in the interview. The interview evaluation will become part of the application to a TEP.
- Appropriate faculty and administrative signatures are required once all criteria have been met.
Admission to a TEP is competitive and meeting standard criteria does not guarantee admission. Those who meet standard criteria are guaranteed consideration for admission to a teacher preparation program. Admission will be based on evaluations of the applications to identify those applicants who are best qualified and who show strong likelihood of success in their chosen areas. The evaluations will reveal the relative strengths and weaknesses in each applicant's credentials in light of the areas in which the applicant wishes to teach and the applicant's understanding of, and commitment to, teaching as a profession, as well as oral skills, mature judgment and the demeanor necessary to become successful as a teacher. Any applicable test score, or subscore, and grades in previous courses should reflect a strong record in the major area of study. A student's entire application will be evaluated by appropriate members of the faculty who will make a recommendation to the dean. The dean will make the final decision.
Individuals who hold college degrees and wish to complete certification programs to teach in the public schools or to complete a TEP in order to qualify for certain graduate programs must meet the admission criteria and must follow all application procedures. Students should check with academic advisers in the office of Student Services for specific departmental TEP admissions requirements.
History and Objectives
The University of Alabama has long been concerned with programs for the preparation of public school personnel. In 1844, just 13 years after the University’s establishment, a Normal Department was provided for those who wished to prepare for teaching careers. By 1872, the Normal Department had become the Normal School. By 1899, the trustees had replaced the Normal School with the School of Pedagogy and Psychology, which in 1902 became the School of Philosophy and Education. In 1908, the school was reorganized as the Department of Education; further organizational changes resulted in the name being changed to the School of Education one year later. The present College of Education was established in 1928. Until 1924, the University’s offerings in teacher education were almost entirely limited to undergraduate programs for elementary and high school teachers. Graduate work in school administration was added in 1924, and all programs — undergraduate and graduate — were greatly expanded from 1927–1928. Doctoral programs were authorized in 1951.
The College of Education is the division of The University of Alabama that has the responsibility for administering all professional programs and courses designed for the preparation of teachers and other educational professionals. Experiences in academic programs are devoted to developing individuals’ understanding of knowledge construction, learning, pedagogy and responsible professional practice in the contexts of education. The University of Alabama’s College of Education seeks to prepare professionals who demonstrate and value reflective practice and ethical decision making through respecting diversity, honoring difference and promoting social justice.
After successfully completing all required coursework, each student is screened for placement in an internship. The teaching internship (formerly called student teaching) is one of the most important experiences a College of Education student has. It is generally regarded as the culminating activity of one's preparation to become a teacher. At The University of Alabama, the internship is a full-semester, full-time assignment and must be taken in residence.
Both undergraduate and alternative (nontraditional, fifth-year) students must file internship applications with the Office of Clinical Experiences in 101 Graves Hall during the semester preceding the semester of the planned internships. The application process begins by attending a mandatory application session, which is held at 4 p.m. in 118 Graves Hall on the first Wednesday in October for spring-semester interns and the first Wednesday in March for fall-semester interns.
A student may apply to enroll for an internship if the following criteria have been met:
- The student must have been admitted to the teacher education program or an alternative (nontraditional, fifth-year) program. Internship applications will not be processed until admission is verified.
- The student must have completed all courses in the major or majors prior to the internship or have written permission from the faculty adviser and Department Chair to intern.
- The student must have earned a minimum grade point average of 2.75, both for all University of Alabama courses attempted and for all University of Alabama courses and transfer courses combined.
- The student must have earned a minimum grade point average of 2.75 in each major, both for University of Alabama courses in each major and for combined University of Alabama courses and transfer courses in each major.
- The student must have earned a minimum grade point average of 2.75 for professional education coursework, with no grade below a C in any professional education coursework.
- The student must have completed all methods courses and appropriate professional coursework with grades of C or higher.
- The student must have removed from the transcript any grade of incomplete (I) recorded in required courses; grades of incomplete are treated as grades of F.
- The student must have obtained passing scores on the appropriate Praxis subject assessment(s) for the teaching field.
- The student must show mastery of required standards in all courses completed prior to internship, as indicated on the Individualized Standards Assessment Report.
Registration for Internship Credit Hours
Undergraduate students are required to register for the number of internship credit hours specified by their programs. In some programs, an undergraduate student may be allowed to choose a nine-hour registration or a 12-hour registration; course requirements are the same whether nine hours or 12 hours are taken. Students in programs requiring two different internship placements are required to register for two different sections of internship. A student enrolled for an internship must not expect to be enrolled in other courses while interning unless special permission is granted by the department head.
Policy on Internship Placements
All internship placements are coordinated by the College of Education Office of Clinical Experiences. A placement site will be selected in a manner to ensure the quality of the internship experience and of the supervision provided by the cooperating teacher. All internship placements (except for music education) are in the greater Tuscaloosa area in order to facilitate supervision of students by University of Alabama faculty or other designee of the department heads. Placement outside the greater Tuscaloosa area is made only if the Office of Clinical Experiences and/or a department head determine(s) that appropriate local placement is unavailable.
A student may apply for an overseas internship if he or she meets certain criteria and if appropriate placement can be coordinated by the Consortium for Overseas Student Teaching (COST) and/or The University of Alabama. Applications for overseas internships are taken during January for placements for the next fall semester and in June for placements the succeeding spring semester. Contact the Office of Clinical Experiences in 101 Graves Hall for additional information.
Majors who enroll for internships in collaborative teacher education, early childhood special education, elementary education, physical education, English as a second language, foreign language education (P-12) and music education should expect split assignments. Secondary education students who have comprehensive majors may receive a single internship assignment or a split assignment. The multiple abilities program (MAP) requires the student to complete two full semesters of internships.